Pierre-Joseph Proudhon’s writings

Here are the writings of Pierre Joseph-Proudhon, the first person in modern history to proclaim themselves an anarchist. He was a firm advocate of the traditions of revolutionary France, being born into poverty in rural France, he achieved a scholarship and became a brilliant student of philosophy and a socialist theorist. He was deeply involved in the movements of the revolution in 1848, writing for radical newspapers. Proudhon was at one point elected to the National Assembly, using these experiences of parliament and its failure, to practically theorise his anarchist ideas. He suffered repression and exile after the coup of Napoleon III in 1851.

His early anarchist ideas and experiences, provide the foundation stone, on which anarchism is built, influencing deeply the development of Bakunin and Kropotkin. His mutualist theories were superseded in development by Bakunin’s collectivism and Kropotkin’s communism. Proudhon was opposed to the authoritarian communism of Jacobin revolutionaries like Marx and Engels, which is one reason why he came out so strongly against communism.

His writings on the critique of social institutions; capitalism, church and state, are crucial to the pursuit and understanding of freedom. His discussion of the revolution, organisation and federation are also essential. His main political work was ‘General Idea of Revolution in the Nineteenth Century’ and also important for organisational theory, ‘The Principle of Federation’, all are worth reading. ‘The Philosophy of Misery’ and ‘The Principle of Federation’ are in the second parts only partially translated. Also important are ‘Confessions of a Revolutionary’, about his experience of 1848 and ‘The Political Capacity of the Working Classes’, both of which can be found in the Ak Press edition of ‘Property is Theft’, (https://libcom.org/library/property-theft-pierre-joseph-proudhon-anthology).

Pierre Joseph Proudhon – General Idea of the Revolution

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon – The Principle of Federation

pierre-joseph-proudhon-what-is-property-an-inquiry-into-the-principle-of-right-and-of-governmen

pierre-joseph-proudhon-system-of-economical-contradictions-or-the-philosophy-of-poverty

The Zapatista’s, Argentina and Greece

The struggle against modern oppressors is a living, breathing process, full of challenges and difficulty. However, more recent historical events give valuable insight into the struggle, such as the 1994 Zapatista uprising, the movement against world bank austerity in Argentina and the revolt of 2008 in Greece. These show us possibilities for action to achieve liberty, equality and fraternity. Greece is the most recent example, and is particularly instructive for Brisbane:

beyondresistance subcomandante Marcos

Sitrin (Ed.) – Horizontalism – Voices of Popular Power in Argentina(1)

We-Are-an-Image-from-the-Future-The-Greek-Revolt-of-Dec.-2008-edited-by-A.G.-Schwartz-Tasos-Sagris-and-Void-Network

The Italian Autonomist movement

The Italian revolutionary movement is another important moment to study. From the early 1960s, to the hot autumn of 1969, to the ‘Autonomia‘ of the 1970s the struggle raged in Italy. This was part of the larger wave of working class revolt sweeping across the Europe in Paris 1968, leading to the breakup of the Keynesian economic consensus.

For the Italian ‘Workerists‘ and later ‘Autonomia‘, this was a time of great experimentation and lively working class social movements. These movements rocked the foundations of Italian society. The theoretical and practical experiments provide a framework for some of the challenges we face, in a time of class recomposition and ruling class attack. Although they are mostly Marxists, often ignorant and hostile to anarchism, the insights they provide are deeply valuable to all Libertarian Communists:

States-of-emergency Robert Lumley

Italy1977-8-Red Notes

autonomousitaly prole.info

Autonomia – Post-Political Politics (reduced)

Wright S – Storming Heaven – Class Composition and Struggle in Italian Autonomist Marxism OCR

Antonio Negri – Books For Burning

Paulo Virno – Grammar of the Multitude

Antonio Negri & Michael Hardt – Empire

Antonio Negri & Michael Hardt – Multitude

Antonio Negri & Michael Hardt – Commonwealth

George Caffentzis – In Letters of Blood and Fire

Federici-Silvia-Revolution-Point-Zero-Housework-Reproduction-and-Feminist-Struggle

Midnight Notes Collective – Promissory Notes 2009

John Holloway- Change the world without taking power

John Holloway – Crack Capitalism

cleaver-reading_capital_politically

Franco ”Bifo” Berardi – The Soul at Work From Alienation to Autonomy

franco-berardi-the-uprising-on-poetry-and-finance-1

Paris, May 1968

The Uprising of Paris, May 1968 culminated a chain of struggles, in Europe and the world against bourgeois institutions. Started by students, it spread to the mass of workers, and culminated in at least 10 million workers going on wildcat general strike across France, against the will of trade unions, the communist party and the Gaullist state. The crisis of the refusal of work and discipline, was part of a major breakdown of capitalism known as keynesianism, the welfare state and post-war social democracy. The mass rebellions, once defeated, paved the way for the eventual defeat of the working class in the first world and the new system of neoliberalism.

Paris 1968 was influenced by a rejuvenated libertarian Marxism and anarchism. It was influenced partly by Council Communists, critical theorists and the left Communists. The movement was pushed forward by the renewed Libertarian Socialism of the journal ‘Socialisme ou Barbarie’, the situationist movement in France and Solidarity in the UK, and part of a new rethinking of Socialism. The movements of 1968 afterwards influenced the autonomist movements in Italy, Germany, the USA and globally. The modern Greek anarchist movement is heavily influenced by these movements. Here are some important writing from this era:

Pannekoek – Workers’ Councils

workers-councils-Cornelius-Castoriadis

guy-debord-the-society-of-the-spectacle

Maurice Brinton- Paris; May 68

Obsolete Communism – The left-wing alternative – Daniel Cohn-Bendit & Gabriel Cohn-Bendit

Marx’s Critique of Political Economy

Anarchists have significant differences with Karl Marx and many marxists, (especially of the leninist tradition) in both theory and organisation. However, Bakunin and many other Anarchists recognised the contribution of Marx in his ‘Critique of Political Economy’. It is a tool of the working class to critique capitalism, and to analyse class composition for future struggles. Here are the pdfs available of his major works, (Michael Heinrich’s introduction is a good place to start):

heinrich-michael-an-introduction-to-the-three-volumes-of-karl-marxs-capital

Capital – (Penguin Classics) Volume II

Capital – (Penguin Classics) Volume III

Capital-Volume-I

Capital-Volume-II

Capital-Volume-III

marx value price profit

marx wage labor and capital

Marx_Contribution_to_the_Critique_of_Political_Economy

Marx_Grundrisse

Theories of Surplus Value – karl Marx

Anti-Colonialism and Black Liberation

In the struggle against Capitalism, church and state, colonialism and racism are essential in maintaining class hierarchies. Racism is used by these bourgeois institutions as a social control mechanism. This divides the working class and proletariat along lines of skin colour, with the supposed civilisational hierarchies of the European elites. Today people of colour and indigenous people remain largely margininalised and poor in the Global North and the Global South. The concept of whiteness itself, is based on false cultural and class unity of European people. Here are some useful pdfs on this struggle:

The Black Radical Tradition_0

wretched-of-the-earth-frantz-fanon

[Frantz_Fanon]_A_Dying_Colonialism(BookZZ.org)[1][Frantz_Fanon]_Black_Skin,_White_Masks_(Pluto_Clas(BookZZ.org)[1]

[Frantz_Fanon]_Toward_the_African_Revolution(BookZZ.org)[1]

Anarchism and the Black Revolution – Lorenzo komboa Ervin

ancestral_pride_zine

beyondresistance subcomandante Marcos

black_reconstruction_an_essay_toward_a_history_of_
blackcapitalismblackautonomy

Detroit I do mind dying – Dan Georgakas & Marvin Surkin

pacifism-as-pathology-reflections-on-the-role-of-armed-struggle-in-north-america

smash-pacifism-zine

TheSoulsofBlackFolk DuBois

zapatismo

zig zag defend-the-territory-pdf-zine1

Zig Zag colonization-decolonization

Women, Feminism and Sexuality

In the struggle against the bourgeoisie, it is essential to address the power relations and imbalances between genders and sexualities. Under Capitalism, the Patriarchal family serves an important role in reproducing wage labour and providing emotional labour. This is essential to the reproduction of the nuclear family and the maintenance of the workers ability to perform paid labour. Here are some good texts on socialist feminism and sexuality, from both Marxist and Anarchist perspectives:

Ackelsberg – Free Women of Spain – Anarchism and the Struggle for the Emancipation of Women

Caliban and the Witch

Communist Interventions_Revolutionary Feminism_vol_three_2_01_0

Dalla Costa and Selma James – Women and the Subversion of the Community

Federici-Silvia-Revolution-Point-Zero-Housework-Reproduction-and-Feminist-Struggle

Nina Power – One Dimensional Woman

Selma James sex-race-class-2012imp

Foucault_Michel_The_History_of_Sexuality_1_An_Introduction.pdf

Australian class and labour history

Here are some documents on the Australian labour movement and class history. These help us both in knowing where we are now, where we have come from and where we are going as a class.

R W Connell & T H Irving Class Structure in Australian History preface & 1-264 part 1

R W Connell & T H Irving Class Structure In Australian History pg 264-525 part 2

The Eureaka Stockade – Raffaello Carboni

Ian Turner, In Union Is Strength, A history of Trade Unions 20161205_12304807

Leonie Sandercook new ch 10 in Ian Turner In Union Is Strength

Gordon Childe – How Labour Governs

Gordon V Childe, How Labour Governs

Verity Burgmann Revolutionary Industrial Unionism, IWW in Au

Sydney’s Burning – Ian Turner

Queensland Mt Isa Miners strike – Solidarity

Frank Stilwell The Accord and Beyond

Australia in Accord edited by and with Various authors

Anarchosyndicalism, the Russian and the Spanish revolutions

Here are some selected writings on anarchosyndicalism, the Russian revolution and the Spanish Revolution. These are two pivotal events in the global syndicalist union movement. They give ideas for new forms of struggle in Brisbane today:

A History Of Anarcho Syndicalism selfed

Anarcho syndicalism short version Rudolph Rocker

basic_anarcho_syndicalism_cnt

combativeunionism

Damier-Anarcho Syndicalism in 20th century -A4

Fighting For Ourselves

murray bookchin – to remember spain [the anarchist and syndicalist revolution of 1936]

Murray Bookchin, The Spanish Anarchists-The heroic years, 1868-1936

Paz – Durruti in the Spanish Revolution

Political Parties – Robert Michels

Rocker – Anarcho-Syndicalism Theory and Practice

rudolf-rocker-anarchism-and-anarcho-syndicalism-1

Strategy and Struggle, Anarchosydicalism In The 21st Century

The Program of Anarchosyndicalism – GP maximoff

Anarcho Syndicalism In Puerto Real, From Workplace Resistance To Community Control

voline-the-unknown-revolution-1917-1921-book-one-birth-growth-and-triumph-of-the-revolution

voline-the-unknown-revolution-1917-1921-book-two-bolshevism-and-anarchism

voline-the-unknown-revolution-1917-1921-book-three-struggle-for-the-real-social-revolution

The-Bolsheviks-and-Workers-Control-1917-1921-The-State-and-Counter-revolution

We, the anarchists! A study of the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI) 1927-1937

Peter Kropotkin’s writings

Here are the writings of the great communist anarchist Peter Kropotkin. They have inspired many generations of people seeking freedom from tyranny. Ak press have a good anthology, called ‘Direct Struggle Against Capital‘, (https://libcom.org/library/direct-struggle-against-capital-peter-kropotkin-anthology), also well worth a read. ‘The Conquest of Bread‘, ‘Words Of A Rebel‘ and ‘Revolutionary Pamphlets‘ are a great place to start:

petr-kropotkin-the-conquest-of-bread

Peter Kropotkin – Words of a Rebel

Kropotkin – Kropotkin’s Revolutionary Pamphlets – A Collection of Writings by Peter Kropotkin

petr-kropotkin-the-state-its-historic-role

Petr_Kropotkin__The_Great_French_Revolution_1789-1793_letter

petr-kropotkin-mutual-aid-a-factor-of-evolution

petr-kropotkin-ethics-origin-and-development

petr-kropotkin-modern-science-and-anarchism

petr-kropotkin-fields-factories-and-workshops-or-industry-combined-with-agriculture-and-brain-w

Peter Kropotkin – In Russian and French Prisons

petr-kropotkin-memoirs-of-a-revolutionist